Command Line Interface#

The Presto CLI provides a terminal-based, interactive shell for running queries. The CLI is a self-executing JAR file, which means it acts like a normal UNIX executable.

Requirements#

The CLI requires a Java virtual machine available on the path. It can be used with Java version 8 and higher.

Installation#

Download presto-cli-346-executable.jar, rename it to presto, make it executable with chmod +x, then run it:

./presto --server localhost:8080 --catalog hive --schema default

Run the CLI with the --help option to see the available options.

Authentication#

You can override your username with the --user option. It defaults to your operating system username. If your Presto server requires password authentication, use the --password option to have the CLI prompt for a password. You can set the PRESTO_PASSWORD environment variable with the password value to avoid the prompt.

Use --help to see information about specifying the keystore, truststore, and other authentication details as required. If using Kerberos, see CLI Kerberos Authentication.

Pagination#

By default, the results of queries are paginated using the less program which is configured with a carefully selected set of options. This behavior can be overridden by setting the environment variable PRESTO_PAGER to the name of a different program such as more or pspg, or it can be set to an empty value to completely disable pagination.

History#

The CLI keeps a history of your previously used commands. You can access your history by scrolling or searching. Use the up and down arrows to scroll and Control+S and Control+R to search. To execute a query again, press Enter.

By default, you can locate the Presto history file in ~/.presto_history. Use the PRESTO_HISTORY_FILE environment variable to change the default.

Output Formats#

The Presto CLI provides the option --output-format to control how the output is displayed when running in noninteractive mode. The available options shown in the following table must be entered in uppercase. The default value is CSV.

Output format options#

Option

Description

CSV

Comma-separated values, each value quoted. No header row.

CSV_HEADER

Comma-separated values, quoted with header row.

CSV_UNQUOTED

Comma-separated values without quotes.

CSV_HEADER_UNQUOTED

Comma-separated values with header row but no quotes.

TSV

Tab-separated values.

TSV_HEADER

Tab-separated values with header row.

JSON

Output rows emitted as JSON objects with name-value pairs.

ALIGNED

Output emitted as an ASCII character table with values.

VERTICAL

Output emitted as record-oriented top-down lines, one per value.

NULL

Suppresses normal query results. This can be useful during development to test a query’s shell return code or to see whether it results in error messages.

Examples#

Consider the following command run as shown, or with --output-format CSV:

presto --execute 'SELECT nationkey, name, regionkey FROM tpch.sf1.nation LIMIT 3'

The output is as follows:

"0","ALGERIA","0"
"1","ARGENTINA","1"
"2","BRAZIL","1"

The output with --output-format JSON is:

{"nationkey":0,"name":"ALGERIA","regionkey":0}
{"nationkey":1,"name":"ARGENTINA","regionkey":1}
{"nationkey":2,"name":"BRAZIL","regionkey":1}

The output with --output-format ALIGNED is:

nationkey |   name    | regionkey
----------+-----------+----------
        0 | ALGERIA   |         0
        1 | ARGENTINA |         1
        2 | BRAZIL    |         1

The output with --output-format VERTICAL is:

-[ RECORD 1 ]--------
nationkey | 0
name      | ALGERIA
regionkey | 0
-[ RECORD 2 ]--------
nationkey | 1
name      | ARGENTINA
regionkey | 1
-[ RECORD 3 ]--------
nationkey | 2
name      | BRAZIL
regionkey | 1

The preceding command with --output-format NULL produces no output. However, if you have an error in the query, such as incorrectly using region instead of regionkey, the command has an exit status of 1 and displays an error message (which is unaffected by the output format):

Query 20200707_170726_00030_2iup9 failed: line 1:25: Column 'region' cannot be resolved
SELECT nationkey, name, region FROM tpch.sf1.nation LIMIT 3

Troubleshooting#

If something goes wrong, you see an error message:

$ presto
presto> select count(*) from tpch.tiny.nations;
Query 20200804_201646_00003_f5f6c failed: line 1:22: Table 'tpch.tiny.nations' does not exist
select count(*) from tpch.tiny.nations

To view debug information, including the stack trace for failures, use the --debug option:

$ presto --debug
presto> select count(*) from tpch.tiny.nations;
Query 20200804_201629_00002_f5f6c failed: line 1:22: Table 'tpch.tiny.nations' does not exist
io.prestosql.spi.PrestoException: line 1:22: Table 'tpch.tiny.nations' does not exist
at io.prestosql.sql.analyzer.SemanticExceptions.semanticException(SemanticExceptions.java:48)
at io.prestosql.sql.analyzer.SemanticExceptions.semanticException(SemanticExceptions.java:43)
...
at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:834)
select count(*) from tpch.tiny.nations