=========================== Map Functions and Operators =========================== Subscript Operator: [] ---------------------- The ``[]`` operator is used to retrieve the value corresponding to a given key from a map:: SELECT name_to_age_map['Bob'] AS bob_age; Map Functions ------------- .. function:: cardinality(x) -> bigint :noindex: Returns the cardinality (size) of the map ``x``. .. function:: element_at(map(K,V), key) -> V :noindex: Returns value for given ``key``, or ``NULL`` if the key is not contained in the map. .. function:: map() -> map Returns an empty map. :: SELECT map(); -- {} .. function:: map(array(K), array(V)) -> map(K,V) Returns a map created using the given key/value arrays. :: SELECT map(ARRAY[1,3], ARRAY[2,4]); -- {1 -> 2, 3 -> 4} See also :func:`map_agg` and :func:`multimap_agg` for creating a map as an aggregation. .. function:: map_from_entries(array(row(K,V))) -> map(K,V) Returns a map created from the given array of entries. :: SELECT map_from_entries(ARRAY[(1, 'x'), (2, 'y')]); -- {1 -> 'x', 2 -> 'y'} .. function:: multimap_from_entries(array(row(K,V))) -> map(K,array(V)) Returns a multimap created from the given array of entries. Each key can be associated with multiple values. :: SELECT multimap_from_entries(ARRAY[(1, 'x'), (2, 'y'), (1, 'z')]); -- {1 -> ['x', 'z'], 2 -> ['y']} .. function:: map_entries(map(K,V)) -> array(row(K,V)) Returns an array of all entries in the given map. :: SELECT map_entries(MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['x', 'y'])); -- [ROW(1, 'x'), ROW(2, 'y')] .. function:: map_concat(map1(K,V), map2(K,V), ..., mapN(K,V)) -> map(K,V) Returns the union of all the given maps. If a key is found in multiple given maps, that key's value in the resulting map comes from the last one of those maps. .. function:: map_filter(map(K,V), function(K,V,boolean)) -> map(K,V) Constructs a map from those entries of ``map`` for which ``function`` returns true:: SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> true); -- {} SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY[10, 20, 30], ARRAY['a', NULL, 'c']), (k, v) -> v IS NOT NULL); -- {10 -> a, 30 -> c} SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY['k1', 'k2', 'k3'], ARRAY[20, 3, 15]), (k, v) -> v > 10); -- {k1 -> 20, k3 -> 15} .. function:: map_keys(x(K,V)) -> array(K) Returns all the keys in the map ``x``. .. function:: map_values(x(K,V)) -> array(V) Returns all the values in the map ``x``. .. function:: map_zip_with(map(K,V1), map(K,V2), function(K,V1,V2,V3)) -> map(K,V3) Merges the two given maps into a single map by applying ``function`` to the pair of values with the same key. For keys only presented in one map, NULL will be passed as the value for the missing key. :: SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY[1, 2, 3], ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c']), -- {1 -> ad, 2 -> be, 3 -> cf} MAP(ARRAY[1, 2, 3], ARRAY['d', 'e', 'f']), (k, v1, v2) -> concat(v1, v2)); SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY['k1', 'k2'], ARRAY[1, 2]), -- {k1 -> ROW(1, null), k2 -> ROW(2, 4), k3 -> ROW(null, 9)} MAP(ARRAY['k2', 'k3'], ARRAY[4, 9]), (k, v1, v2) -> (v1, v2)); SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY[1, 8, 27]), -- {a -> a1, b -> b4, c -> c9} MAP(ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY[1, 2, 3]), (k, v1, v2) -> k || CAST(v1/v2 AS VARCHAR)); .. function:: transform_keys(map(K1,V), function(K1,V,K2)) -> map(K2,V) Returns a map that applies ``function`` to each entry of ``map`` and transforms the keys:: SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> k + 1); -- {} SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c']), (k, v) -> k + 1); -- {2 -> a, 3 -> b, 4 -> c} SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY [1, 2, 3]), (k, v) -> v * v); -- {1 -> 1, 4 -> 2, 9 -> 3} SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b'], ARRAY [1, 2]), (k, v) -> k || CAST(v as VARCHAR)); -- {a1 -> 1, b2 -> 2} SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2], ARRAY [1.0, 1.4]), -- {one -> 1.0, two -> 1.4} (k, v) -> MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['one', 'two'])[k]); .. function:: transform_values(map(K,V1), function(K,V1,V2)) -> map(K,V2) Returns a map that applies ``function`` to each entry of ``map`` and transforms the values:: SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> v + 1); -- {} SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY [10, 20, 30]), (k, v) -> v + k); -- {1 -> 11, 2 -> 22, 3 -> 33} SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c']), (k, v) -> k * k); -- {1 -> 1, 2 -> 4, 3 -> 9} SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b'], ARRAY [1, 2]), (k, v) -> k || CAST(v as VARCHAR)); -- {a -> a1, b -> b2} SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2], ARRAY [1.0, 1.4]), -- {1 -> one_1.0, 2 -> two_1.4} (k, v) -> MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['one', 'two'])[k] || '_' || CAST(v AS VARCHAR));