8.3. LDAP Authentication#

Presto can be configured to enable frontend LDAP authentication over HTTPS for clients, such as the Presto CLI, or the JDBC and ODBC drivers. At present, only simple LDAP authentication mechanism involving username and password is supported. The Presto client sends a username and password to the coordinator, and the coordinator validates these credentials using an external LDAP service.

To enable LDAP authentication for Presto, configuration changes are made on the Presto coordinator. No changes are required to the worker configuration; only the communication from the clients to the coordinator is authenticated. However, if you want to secure the communication between Presto nodes with SSL/TLS configure Secure Internal Communication.

Presto Server Configuration#

Environment Configuration#

Secure LDAP#

Presto requires Secure LDAP (LDAPS), so make sure you have TLS enabled on your LDAP server.

Presto Coordinator Node Configuration#

Access to the Presto coordinator should be through HTTPS. You can do that by creating a Java Keystore File for TLS on the coordinator.

You also need to make changes to the Presto configuration files. LDAP authentication is configured on the coordinator in two parts. The first part is to enable HTTPS support and password authentication in the coordinator’s config.properties file. The second part is to configure LDAP as the password authenticator plugin.

Server Config Properties#

The following is an example of the required properties that need to be added to the coordinator’s config.properties file:

http-server.authentication.type=PASSWORD

http-server.https.enabled=true
http-server.https.port=8443

http-server.https.keystore.path=/etc/presto_keystore.jks
http-server.https.keystore.key=keystore_password

Property

Description

http-server.authentication.type

Enable password authentication for the Presto coordinator. Must be set to PASSWORD.

http-server.https.enabled

Enables HTTPS access for the Presto coordinator. Should be set to true. Default value is false.

http-server.https.port

HTTPS server port.

http-server.https.keystore.path

The location of the Java Keystore file that will be used to secure TLS.

http-server.https.keystore.key

The password for the keystore. This must match the password you specified when creating the keystore.

http-server.authentication.allow-forwarded-https

Enable treating forwarded HTTPS requests over HTTP as secure. Requires the X-Forwarded-Proto header to be set to https on forwarded requests. Default value is false.

http-server.authentication.password.user-mapping.pattern

Regex to match against user. If matched, user will be replaced with first regex group. If not matched, authentication is denied. Default is (.*).

http-server.authentication.password.user-mapping.file

File containing rules for mapping user. See User Mapping for more information.

Password Authenticator Configuration#

Password authentication needs to be configured to use LDAP. Create an etc/password-authenticator.properties file on the coordinator. Example:

password-authenticator.name=ldap
ldap.url=ldaps://ldap-server:636
ldap.ssl-trust-certificate=/path/to/ldap_server.crt
ldap.user-bind-pattern=<Refer below for usage>

Property

Description

ldap.url

The url to the LDAP server. The url scheme must be ldaps:// since Presto allows only Secure LDAP.

ldap.ssl-trust-certificate

The path to the PEM encoded trust certificate for the LDAP server. This file should contain the LDAP server’s certificate or its certificate authority.

ldap.user-bind-pattern

This property can be used to specify the LDAP user bind string for password authentication. This property must contain the pattern ${USER}, which is replaced by the actual username during the password authentication. Example: ${USER}@corp.example.com.

ldap.cache-ttl

LDAP cache duration. Defaults to 1h.

Based on the LDAP server implementation type, the property ldap.user-bind-pattern can be used as described below.

Active Directory#
ldap.user-bind-pattern=${USER}@<domain_name_of_the_server>

Example:

ldap.user-bind-pattern=${USER}@corp.example.com
OpenLDAP#
ldap.user-bind-pattern=uid=${USER},<distinguished_name_of_the_user>

Example:

ldap.user-bind-pattern=uid=${USER},OU=America,DC=corp,DC=example,DC=com

Authorization based on LDAP Group Membership#

You can further restrict the set of users allowed to connect to the Presto coordinator, based on their group membership, by setting the optional ldap.group-auth-pattern and ldap.user-base-dn properties, in addition to the basic LDAP authentication properties.

Property

Description

ldap.user-base-dn

The base LDAP distinguished name for the user who tries to connect to the server. Example: OU=America,DC=corp,DC=example,DC=com

ldap.group-auth-pattern

This property is used to specify the LDAP query for the LDAP group membership authorization. This query is executed against the LDAP server and if successful, the user is authorized. This property must contain a pattern ${USER}, which is replaced by the actual username in the group authorization search query. See samples below.

Based on the LDAP server implementation type, the property ldap.group-auth-pattern can be used as described below.

Authorization using Presto LDAP service user#

Presto server can use dedicated LDAP service user for doing user group membership queries. In such case Presto will first issue a group membership query for a Presto user that needs to be authenticated. A user distinguished name will be extracted from a group membership query result. Presto will then validate user password by creating LDAP context with user distinguished name and user password. In order to use this mechanism ldap.bind-dn, ldap.bind-password and ldap.group-auth-pattern properties need to be defined.

Property

Description

ldap.bind-dn

Bind distinguished name used by Presto when issuing group membership queries. Example: CN=admin,OU=CITY_OU,OU=STATE_OU,DC=domain

ldap.bind-password

Bind password used by Presto when issuing group membership queries. Example: password1234

ldap.group-auth-pattern

This property is used to specify the LDAP query for the LDAP group membership authorization. This query will be executed against the LDAP server and if successful, a user distinguished name will be extracted from a query result. Presto will then validate user password by creating LDAP context with user distinguished name and user password.

Active Directory#
ldap.group-auth-pattern=(&(objectClass=<objectclass_of_user>)(sAMAccountName=${USER})(memberof=<dn_of_the_authorized_group>))

Example:

ldap.group-auth-pattern=(&(objectClass=person)(sAMAccountName=${USER})(memberof=CN=AuthorizedGroup,OU=Asia,DC=corp,DC=example,DC=com))
OpenLDAP#
ldap.group-auth-pattern=(&(objectClass=<objectclass_of_user>)(uid=${USER})(memberof=<dn_of_the_authorized_group>))

Example:

ldap.group-auth-pattern=(&(objectClass=inetOrgPerson)(uid=${USER})(memberof=CN=AuthorizedGroup,OU=Asia,DC=corp,DC=example,DC=com))

For OpenLDAP, for this query to work, make sure you enable the memberOf overlay.

You can use this property for scenarios where you want to authorize a user based on complex group authorization search queries. For example, if you want to authorize a user belonging to any one of multiple groups (in OpenLDAP), this property may be set as follows:

ldap.group-auth-pattern=(&(|(memberOf=CN=normal_group,DC=corp,DC=com)(memberOf=CN=another_group,DC=com))(objectClass=inetOrgPerson)(uid=${USER}))

Presto CLI#

Environment Configuration#

TLS Configuration#

Access to the Presto coordinator should be through HTTPS when using LDAP authentication. The Presto CLI can use either a Java Keystore file or Java Truststore for its TLS configuration.

If you are using a keystore file, it can be copied to the client machine and used for its TLS configuration. If you are using truststore, you can either use default Java truststores or create a custom truststore on the CLI. We do not recommend using self-signed certificates in production.

Presto CLI Execution#

In addition to the options that are required when connecting to a Presto coordinator that does not require LDAP authentication, invoking the CLI with LDAP support enabled requires a number of additional command line options. You can either use --keystore-* or --truststore-* properties to secure TLS connection. The simplest way to invoke the CLI is with a wrapper script.

#!/bin/bash

./presto \
--server https://presto-coordinator.example.com:8443 \
--keystore-path /tmp/presto.jks \
--keystore-password password \
--truststore-path /tmp/presto_truststore.jks \
--truststore-password password \
--catalog <catalog> \
--schema <schema> \
--user <LDAP user> \
--password

Option

Description

--server

The address and port of the Presto coordinator. The port must be set to the port the Presto coordinator is listening for HTTPS connections on. Presto CLI does not support using http scheme for the url when using LDAP authentication.

--keystore-path

The location of the Java Keystore file that will be used to secure TLS.

--keystore-password

The password for the keystore. This must match the password you specified when creating the keystore.

--truststore-path

The location of the Java Truststore file that will be used to secure TLS.

--truststore-password

The password for the truststore. This must match the password you specified when creating the truststore.

--user

The LDAP username. For Active Directory this should be your sAMAccountName and for OpenLDAP this should be the uid of the user. This is the username which is used to replace the ${USER} placeholder pattern in the properties specified in config.properties.

--password

Prompts for a password for the user.

Troubleshooting#

Java Keystore File Verification#

Verify the password for a keystore file and view its contents using Java Keystore File Verification.

SSL Debugging for Presto CLI#

If you encounter any SSL related errors when running Presto CLI, you can run CLI using -Djavax.net.debug=ssl parameter for debugging. You should use the Presto CLI executable jar to enable this. E.g.:

java -Djavax.net.debug=ssl \
-jar \
presto-cli-<version>-executable.jar \
--server https://coordinator:8443 \
<other_cli_arguments>

Common SSL errors#

java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names present#

This error is seen when the Presto coordinator’s certificate is invalid, and does not have the IP you provide in the --server argument of the CLI. You have to regenerate the coordinator’s SSL certificate with the appropriate SAN added.

Adding a SAN to this certificate is required in cases where https:// uses IP address in the URL, rather than the domain contained in the coordinator’s certificate, and the certificate does not contain the SAN parameter with the matching IP address as an alternative attribute.

Authentication or SSL errors with JDK Upgrade#

Starting with the JDK 8u181 release, to improve the robustness of LDAPS (secure LDAP over TLS) connections, endpoint identification algorithms have been enabled by default. See release notes from Oracle. The same LDAP server certificate on the Presto coordinator, running on JDK version >= 8u181, that was previously able to successfully connect to an LDAPS server, may now fail with the below error:

javax.naming.CommunicationException: simple bind failed: ldapserver:636
[Root exception is javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative DNS name matching ldapserver found.]

If you want to temporarily disable endpoint identification, you can add the property -Dcom.sun.jndi.ldap.object.disableEndpointIdentification=true to Presto’s jvm.config file. However, in a production environment, we suggest fixing the issue by regenerating the LDAP server certificate so that the certificate SAN or certificate subject name matches the LDAP server.